New Testament Survey - Luke and John: Videos
The Manifesto of the Messiah
Luke is the favorite Gospel of many because it emphasizes Jesus’ humanity as the God-Man. It shows the Messiah's compassion and how He identified Himself with us. Many of Jesus’ best-known parables, like the stories of the Prodigal Son and the Good Samaritan, are found only in Luke. Luke tells us more about Jesus’ birth than any other Gospel writer. And Luke gives us Christ’s proclamation—the clear statement of His mission—the key to the ministry of the Messiah.
Jesus proclaimed His mission in Luke chapter four, proved it in chapter five, and practiced His mission throughout the rest of the book. Jesus continuously taught and trained His disciples, challenging others to become partners with Him in His mission. The first example was his recruiting of Simon Peter to follow and become a “fisher of men.” Jesus demonstrated His mission in three parables: a shepherd seeks his lost sheep, a woman seeks a lost coin, and a father seeks a lost son. We need to share the heart of the Father for all His children.
Jesus told two parables, “The Unjust Steward” and “The Rich Man and Lazarus,” which are often misunderstood. There are at least two applications of these parables. First, while we are in this life, we are only stewards or managers of all that God has given us and we should use these things wisely always. Secondly, we should see the people of this world as the lost sheep and allow Christ to reach these people through us.
When God intersected human history and became a man, He invited certain people to participate in the miracle: Zacharias and his wife Elizabeth, a girl named Mary, shepherds who went to see the newborn King, and Simeon and Anna who recognized the Savior and bore public witness to His coming. The miracle of Christmas is God becoming man so He could bring salvation to mankind. The Old and New Testaments tell of the miracle of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ: the blessed hope of the Church and the only hope of the world.
Many of Jesus’ parables teach us how to approach and respond to His teaching. Jesus used metaphors from common, everyday life that His listeners would have understood. Yet most of the religious leaders rejected His teaching and opposed His work. With metaphors and illustrations, such as new wine in new wineskins or new material for mending garments, Jesus shows us how to hear and obey His Word. Jesus’ teaching is intended to transform our minds, our values, and our lives.
Jesus told a parable about repentance and about the refusal to repent. The parable describes two men, a Pharisee and a tax collector—a tax collector—praying at the temple. The Pharisee was focused only on himself, while the tax collector humbled himself and begged for God’s mercy. Jesus encountered a repentant tax collector named Zacchaeus, who showed what repentance looks like. He changed his ways and promised to pay back everyone he had defrauded. Only the sinner who repents is forgiven.
The Sign Language of John
The Gospel of John is unique in many ways. Its purposes, its literary style, and its content are different from those of the other gospels. John’s gospel was specifically addressed to those who do not believe, in order to bring them to faith. John answers basic questions in each chapter, like: “Who is Jesus?” “What is faith?” and “What is life?” He records many signs and miracles that encourage and strengthen faith and prove that Jesus is God’s Son.
Born Again: What, Why, and How
Jesus’ first recorded miracle was turning water into wine, symbolizing what happens when we believe in Him; He takes the ordinary and miraculously transforms us—we experience new birth. When Jesus performed miracles, many believed, but they did not follow Him. In John 3, Nicodemus came to Jesus at night to ask Him questions. Jesus told this teacher that the only way to see God’s kingdom is by being born again. Jesus made it very clear that He was God’s only Son and only solution.
The Woman at the Well
Jesus encountered a Samaritan woman at a well and offers her living water that will quench her thirst forever. She accepts His offer and becomes a spring of living water flowing out into her community. Jesus encounters a damaged man waiting beside a pool rumored to have healing powers. He heals him, but when persecution comes because of Jesus the man stands with the religious leaders against Him.
You Will Not to Come
After healing the lame man at the pool of Bethesda, Jesus tells the religious leaders that they have enough evidence to recognize Him as the promised Messiah. He claims that John the Baptist, God’s voice from heaven, and scripture all supported His claims. Jesus feeds over 5,000 people and claims to be the Bread of Life, the source of living water, and the light of the world. Jesus teaches that those who come to Him with a willingness to do what He says will know that His teaching comes from God.
The Great I Am
After giving sight to a blind man, Jesus announced, “I am the Light of the world.” After miraculously feeding the 5000 Jesus said, “I am the Bread of Life.” When accusing the religious leaders of dark sin He declared, “I am the good shepherd,” and as the Good Shepherd He protects His sheep. Before raising Lazarus from the dead, Jesus declared, “I am the resurrection and the life.” This is our savior, the great I Am.
The Last Discipleship Training Event
On the night before His crucifixion, Jesus delivered the “Upper Room Discourse.” Jesus, their Lord and teacher, washed His disciples’ feet as a manifestation of His great love for them. He commanded them to love each other in the same way. He compared Himself to a vine and His disciples to branches—He produces His fruit in the world through them, and they bear fruit only when abiding in Him. Jesus prayed for His church to live in unity with Him and with each other; to know and demonstrate His love.